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Alan Gilmer (email), Nicholas Holden, Shane Ward, Anthony Brereton, Edward Farrell

A model of organic matter accumulation in a developing fen/raised bog complex

Gilmer A., Holden N., Ward S., Brereton A., Farrell E. A model of organic matter accumulation in a developing fen/raised bog complex.

Tiivistelmä

A mechanistic simulation model of organic matter accumulation for a developing fen/ raised bog complex in Ireland is presented.Parameter/variable values have been prima rily drawn from the published literature.The development of the theoretical considera tions of fen peat as a substratum to a raised bog is evaluated using the model.Terrestri alization is the pathway of hydroseral succession.The conceptual model treats peat growth as the accumulation of a series of parcels comprising both a labile and a non- labile component.The fen phase of the model uses a discrete description of organic matter accumulation while the raised bog phase uses a continuous description.Both phases use a constant decay rate.The model integrates changes in net primary produc tivity and aerobic decay to simulate four climatic periods.The model generates outputs for peat depth and mass with time and profiles of bulk density with depth.Results over a simulated period of 10 000 years demonstrate how changes in surface net primary productivity and aerobic decay can change the rate of peat accumulation in the develop ing fen/raised bog complex.Sensitivity analysis showed that the most important pa rameters influencing simulated depth and mass were the labile fraction in organic mat ter (raised bog)followed by net primary productivity (raised bog).The potential sig nificance of underlying fen peat as a proportion of the total depth and mass of a devel oping fen/raised bog complex was evaluated and shown to be substantially diminished after 5 000 years.It was established that the model predictions corresponded well with data for Irish Midland bogs and given suitable adjustment of values, could potentially simulate Fennoscandian conditions as well.

Avainsanat
peat; peatlands; mires; climate; Sphagnum productivity

Tekijät
  • Gilmer, Department of Agricultural & Food Engineering (Peat Technology Centre), University College Dublin, Earlsfort Terrace, Dublin 2, Ireland Sähköposti ei.tietoa@nn.oo (sähköposti)
  • Holden, Sähköposti ei.tietoa@nn.oo
  • Ward, Sähköposti ei.tietoa@nn.oo
  • Brereton, Sähköposti ei.tietoa@nn.oo
  • Farrell, Sähköposti ei.tietoa@nn.oo

Vastaanotettu 31.10.2017 Julkaistu 1.1.2000

Katselukerrat 927

Saatavilla http://suo.fi/article/9800 | Lataa PDF

Creative Commons License CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

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